Typically, the cost basis on inherited assets is the fair market value as of the time of the decedent's death or actual transfer to the person inheriting the assets.
Inherited Cost Basis
Generally, when property or other assets are inherited, the cost basis is usually equal to the fair market value of the property or asset at the time of the decedent's death. Fair market value is the price that a property or asset would command in the marketplace, given buyers and sellers knowledgeable about the asset and that a reasonable period of time is made available for the transaction to take place.
If the administrator of the estate votes to use an alternate valuation date for the estate, the inheriting party must be notified. The cost basis is then equal to the fair market value of the property or assets either six months following the date of death or the date on which the asset was distributed to the person inheriting it, whichever is earlier. Assets related to farming or in a closely held business may have some exceptions.
Inherited Property Holding Period
No matter how long property or assets are actually held, either by the decedent or the inheriting party, inherited property is considered to have a holding period greater than one year. Thus, capital gains or losses are designated as long-term capital gains or losses. Under current taxation law, long-term capital gains are taxed at a favorable, lower rate than the normal income tax rate.
In contrast to the cost basis for inherited assets, assets that are received as gifts usually retain the giver’s original cost basis. Financial advisers note that gifted stocks can be a source of confusion in regard to determining cost basis, as it is essential for the receiving party to know the original price that the giver paid for the stock, which may have been purchased either long ago or in increments over a span of time, at different share prices.